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Alabama and the Civil War

The American Civil War left an undeniable legacy in Alabama, where ideologies ranged from fiery secessionism to ardent Unionism. The first capital of the Confederacy was located in Montgomery. Union supporters in Winston County threatened to secede from the state. Mobile gained a place in naval history as the site of the last major naval engagement of the conflict. The Reconstruction that followed set the state on a course that would culminate in significant events in the U.S. civil rights movement.