Bakerhill is located in southern Barbour County in the southeastern corner of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government. The Baker Hill Formation, a wide-spread
layer of late Paleocene clays in southeastern Alabama, is named for the town.
When first settled, the town was located approximately a mile southeast of its present site and was known as Chestnuttville, after local merchant Alpheus R. Chesnutt. The town was renamed Bakerhill in the mid-nineteenth century after the Baker family, who relocated to the area from South Carolina. Early industries in Bakerhill included turpentine production and bauxite mining for the aluminum-manufacturing industry. Bakerhill is written alternately as either one or two words in many early documents, but the one-word usage is used on official documents and maps. The town incorporated in January 1997, soon after a poultry-processing plant opened nearby.
Bakerhill's population according to the 2010 Census was 279. Of that number, 61.6 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 35.5 percent as African American, 1.4 percent as two or more races, 1.1 percent as Hispanic or Latino, ands 0.7 percent as Native American. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $26,500, and the per capita income was $18,721.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Bakerhill was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Manufacturing (37.2 percent)
· Retail trade (16.7 percent)
· Construction (10.9 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (10.9 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (7.1 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (5.1 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (3.8 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (3.8 percent)
· Public administration (2.6 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (1.9 percent)
Students in Bakerhill attend Barbour County schools; the town has no public schools within its town limits.
State Highway 131 runs the length of Bakerhill through the center of town, and County Road 79S bisects the town running northwest-southeast.
Events and Places of Interest
The McGee Home (ca. 1873) is listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage. Bakerhill is located near Lake Eufaula, Blue Springs State Park, and the White Oak Creek Recreation Area.
Barbour County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Barbour County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2001.
Dorman, Lewy. History of Barbour County, Alabama. Spartanburg, S.C.: The Reprint Company, Publishers, 2006.
James P. Kaetz
Published November 22, 2013
Last updated November 25, 2013