Belk is located in southwestern Fayette County in the northwestern corner of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
Belk was established on a line built by the Elyton and Aberdeen Railroad Company in 1887. Belk was known initially as Mulberry Tank Junction, but when the U.S. Postal Service moved the local office closer to the train depot in 1901, the name was changed to Belk. Early businesses in town included a general store and a grist mill powered by the waters of Luxapalila Creek. In order to qualify for federal grants to build a new water system and attract more industry, Belk citizens voted to incorporate in January 1969.
Belk's population according to the 2010 Census was 215. Of that number, 95.8 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 2.8 percent as African American, 0.9 percent as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.5 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $29,844, and the per capita income was $16,377.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Belk was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (21.7 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (20.3 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (14.5 percent)
· Retail trade (13.0 percent)
· Manufacturing (11.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (7.2 percent)
· Construction (4.3 percent)
· Public administration (4.3 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (2.9 percent)
Students in Belk attend Fayette County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.
State Highway 96 runs the length of Belk, going northeast-southwest. The Luxapalila Railroad operates a 38-mile rail line from Belk to Columbus, Mississippi, that transports forest products and waste materials.
Events and Places of Interest
Belk holds a Bluegrass Festival during the fourth weekend in April, and the town maintains one municipal park.
Newell, Herbert Moses, Jr., and Jeannie Patterson Newell. History of Fayette County, Alabama. Fayette, Ala.: Newell Offset Printing, 1960
Robertson, Evenly Walker, ed. Sesquicentennial History of Fayette County. Volume 1. Fayette, Ala.: Fayette County Historical Society, 1969.
James P. Kaetz
Published November 22, 2013
Last updated November 25, 2013