The area where Pine Hill now is located first was named Arnold. After an early settler referred to a hill covered with pines as "that pine hill," the name stuck and the first post office, established in 1839, was named Pine Hill. The arrival of the Birmingham and Mobile Railroad in 1888 spurred settlement closer to the tracks and the establishment of businesses.
Pine Hill was incorporated in 1895. In 1903, the Vredenburgh Saw Mill became an integral part of the local economy. In 1911, the Alabama and Northwestern Railroad built a line to the town to carry lumber from the area. It ceased operation in 1934. The first telephone system was established in 1925, and electrical service came to town in 1927. However, it was not until 1951 that a municipal water system was constructed.
The MacMillan-Bloedel Wood Products Complex opened in 1966. In 1981, Pine Hill purchased land for a municipal park and for a museum, housed in the relocated train depot.
According to the 2010 Census, Pine Hill had a population of 975. Of that number, 53.2 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 45.8 percent as white, 0.7 percent as Hispanic, 0.4 percent as Native American, 0.3 percent as two or more races, and 0.1 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 Census estimates, was $25,703, and the per capita income was $14,577.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Pine Hill was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Construction (14.3 percent)
· Retail trade (13.0 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (12.1 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (11.3 percent)
· Manufacturing (10.4 percent)
· Transportation, warehousing, and utilities (10.4 percent)
· Professional, scientific, and administrative and waste management services (10.0 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (8.2 percent)
· Public administration (5.2 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.5 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (1.7 percent)
Pine Hill is part of the Wilcox County Schools. The town has one public elementary school that serves approximately 350 students and employs approximately 25 teachers.
Pine Hill is served by State Highway 10, which runs southeast-northwest, and State Highway 5, which runs north-southwest. Pine Hill Municipal Airport serves general aviation.
The Pine Hill Depot Museum features railroad-related artifacts including a Southern Railroad caboose and preserves the history
of Pine Hill and surrounding communities. The depot was built in 1905 and now resides in Pine Hill's Town Park, which also
has a walking track and tennis courts.
Wilcox County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Wilcox County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
James P. Kaetz
Published May 6, 2013
Last updated May 8, 2013