Colony


Colony is located in southeast Cullman County in the north-central part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.

History 

Colony is Cullman County's only majority African American community. It was settled originally during Reconstruction by former enslaved individuals who received land as compensation for their enslavement by filing a claim in Huntsville, Madison County. More than 8,000 acres came under cultivation in the area.

Primarily a farming community, Colony also had a cotton gin, a saw mill, and a grist mill, as well as a general store and a Masonic Lodge. The community built a school in 1927, which originally covered grades 1-7. By 1941, it had expanded to include grades 8-12. Colony was incorporated in 1981.

Demographics 

Colony's population according to the 2010 Census was 268. Of that number, 86.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 10.4 percent as white, 2.2 percent as two or more races, 0.4 percent as Hispanic or Latino, and 0.4 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $28,125, and the per capita income was $16,107.

Employment 

According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Colony was divided among the following industrial categories:

· Manufacturing (30.4 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (23.2   percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (22.3 percent)
· Retail trade (8.0 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.3 percent)
· Construction (5.4 percent)
· Public administration (2.7 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (1.8 percent)

Education 

Students in Colony attend Cullman County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.

Transportation 

State Highway 91 runs southwest-northeast through Colony and connects the town with north-south Interstate Highway 65 about a mile east of the town.

Events and Places of Interest 

Colony maintains one municipal park that includes a walking trail and a baseball field. It also has a community center with an indoor basketball court.

Additional Resources 

Cullman County Heritage Book Committee. Heritage of Cullman County, Alabama. Vols. I and II. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 1999.

Jones, Margaret Jean. Combing Cullman County. Cullman, Ala.: Modernistic Printers, Inc., 1972.

James P. Kaetz
Auburn University


Published April 4, 2013
Last updated April 4, 2013