Saraland


Saraland is located in central Mobile County, in extreme southwest Alabama. It has a mayor-city council form of government.

History 

Originally part of a Spanish land grant, the area on which Saraland now stands first was settled by squatters as early as 1800. The town’s original name was Alvarez Station. Its present name reportedly came from a retired minister who established the first post office in the area in 1895; he dubbed the town Saraland after his wife.

Saraland remained a small community until the mid-twentieth century, when Mobile’s expanding population began to spread into nearby communities. Saraland was incorporated in 1957 with 125 residents. The population has increased 100-fold since incorporation.

Demographics 

According to the 2010 Census, Saraland’s population was 13,405. Of that number, 83.7 percent identified themselves as white, 12 percent as black, 2.5 percent as Hispanic, 0.8 percent as Native American, and 0.6 percent as Asian. The city's median household income was $48.721, and per capita income was $22,192.

Employment 

The workforce in present-day Saraland is divided among the following occupational categories:

· Manufacturing (16.4 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (16.3   percent)
· Retail trade (14.0 percent)
· Construction (10.5 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (9.6 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (7.0 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services   (6.4 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (6.2 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (5.7 percent)
· Public administration (3.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.4 percent)
· Information (0.5 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.2 percent)

Education 

Schools in Saraland are part of the Saraland City School System; the town has one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school. Two private schools have approximately 421 students and 34 teachers.

Transportation 

Saraland is bisected by U.S. Highway 43 (north-south). Interstate 65 runs about two miles to the west of the city. The closest major airport to Saraland is the Mobile Regional Airport, approximately 10 miles to the south.

Events and Places of Interest 

The Saraland Civic Center has space that can be rented for various social events. The city has 10 municipal parks, with some featuring only playground areas and others including basketball courts, baseball and softball fields, and football fields. The city sponsors youth sports leagues in baseball, softball, and football.

The town holds an annual Christmas Parade.

Additional Resources

Mobile County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Mobile County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.

James P. Kaetz
Auburn University


Published July 15, 2011
Last updated March 12, 2013