Originally part of a Spanish land grant, the area on which Saraland now stands first was settled by squatters as early as 1800. The towns original name was Alvarez Station. Its present name reportedly came from a retired minister who established the first post office in the area in 1895; he dubbed the town Saraland after his wife.
Saraland remained a small community until the mid-twentieth century, when Mobiles expanding population began to spread into nearby communities. Saraland was incorporated in 1957 with 125 residents. The population has increased 100-fold since incorporation.
According to the 2010 Census, Saralands population was 13,405. Of that number, 83.7 percent identified themselves as white, 12 percent as black, 2.5 percent as Hispanic, 0.8 percent as Native American, and 0.6 percent as Asian. The city's median household income was $48.721, and per capita income was $22,192.
The workforce in present-day Saraland is divided among the following occupational categories:
· Manufacturing (16.4 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (16.3 percent)
· Retail trade (14.0 percent)
· Construction (10.5 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (9.6 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (7.0 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services (6.4 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (6.2 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (5.7 percent)
· Public administration (3.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.4 percent)
· Information (0.5 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.2 percent)
Schools in Saraland are part of the Saraland City School System; the town has one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school. Two private schools have approximately 421 students and 34 teachers.
Saraland is bisected by U.S. Highway 43 (north-south). Interstate 65 runs about two miles to the west of the city. The closest major airport to Saraland is the Mobile Regional Airport, approximately 10 miles to the south.
Events and Places of Interest
The Saraland Civic Center has space that can be rented for various social events. The city has 10 municipal parks, with some featuring only playground areas and others including basketball courts, baseball and softball fields, and football fields. The city sponsors youth sports leagues in baseball, softball, and football.
The town holds an annual Christmas Parade.
Mobile County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Mobile County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
James P. Kaetz
Published July 15, 2011
Last updated March 12, 2013