Hayneville is the county seat of Lowndes County. It is located in central Alabama in the Black Belt region and was named for South Carolina politician Robert Y. Hayne, likely by emigrants to the region from that state. Hayneville is one of the stops on the Selma to Montgomery March National Historic Trail. The 1856 Greek Revival county courthouse in Hayneville is on the National Register of Historic Places. Hayneville has a mayor-council form of government.
Hayneville was designated as the county seat of Lowndes County when it was founded in 1830. Located in the fertile Black Belt region, Hayneville's early economy centered on cotton production. The town was later a railway terminus and home to the Hayneville Railway Company, which was organized in 1903. Two years later, the company was reorganized as the Hayneville & Montgomery Railroad Company and provided connections for shipping with the L&N Railroad Company's tracks. The agricultural focus shifted to more diverse crops and livestock in the latter half of the twentieth century. Hayneville, like the rest of the Black Belt, has struggled to shift to a more productive economy.
Hayneville’s population at the time of the 2010 Census was 932. Of that number, 84.5 percent identified themselves as African American, 15.0 percent as white, 0.3 percent as two or more races, and 0.1 percent as Hispanic. The city's median household income was $19,346, and per capita income was $11,918.
The workforce in present-day Hayneville is divided among the following occupational categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (18.6 percent)
· Public administration (14.9 percent)
· Retail trade (13.1 percent)
· Manufacturing (10.8 percent)
· Construction (8.3 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (5.5 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (5.3 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (5.0 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (4.0 percent)
· Information (2.3 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (2.0 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (1.5 percent)
· Wholesale trade (1.0 percent)
Hayneville schools are administered by the Lowndes County School System. The city has two elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school serving approximately 1,660 students from the city itself and the surrounding county and employing approximately 95 teachers. The city also has two vocational schools and an early education center.
Events and Places of Interest
The Lowndes County Interpretive Center, which is part of the Selma to Montgomery March National Historic Trail, contains exhibits
and artifacts relating to the march.
The Heritage of Lowndes County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2005.
Published September 20, 2010
Last updated March 13, 2013