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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Clay is located in northeastern Jefferson County in the central part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
The first non-Indian settlers in the area that now encompasses Clay arrived around 1806. The community was initially known as Shiloh's Beat after a local Methodist church. The community lay on a main road, called the Georgia Road, that connected the Carolinas and Birmingham, Jefferson County, and so more settlers soon came to the town.
The first post office in Clay opened in 1878. Allegedly the first postmaster named the post office (and thus the town) after the red-clay soil that dominated the area. Clay became known for the Alabama Caverns, also known as McCluney's Cave and Crystal Cave, which drew tourists for years until closing in the 1960s. Cosby Lake also was a tourist destination.
To maintain greater control over their community, residents of Clay voted in June 2000 to incorporate. Nearby Chalkville recently became part of Clay.
Clay's population according to the 2010 Census was 9,708. Of that number, 84.1 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 13.3 percent as African American, 1.3 percent as Hispanic or Latino, 1.1 percent as two or more races, 0.6 percent as Asian, and 0.3 percent as Native American. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $72,306, and the per capita income was $28,441.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Clay was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (27.6   percent)
· Retail trade (11.8 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (10.6 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (9.4 percent)
· Construction (8.0 percent)
· Wholesale trade (7.3 percent)
· Manufacturing (6.9 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (5.0 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (4.6 percent)
· Public administration (3.1 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (2.6 percent)
· Information (1.8 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (1.2 percent)
Schools in Clay are part of the Jefferson County school system; the town has approximately 3,241 students and 188 teachers in one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school.
Interstate Highway 59, running southwest-northeast, is located about two miles southeast of Clay. County Road 153 bisects the town going southeast.
Events and Places of Interest
Clay maintains four city parks that offer athletics fields, picnic areas, a walking trail, and fishing; a splash pad and BMX Bike track are planned.
Clay holds a Clay May Days celebration that includes arts and crafts vendors, carnival rides, and music. The city also holds an annual Christmas Parade.

Additional Resources

Jefferson County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Jefferson County. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
Published:  June 19, 2013   |   Last updated:  June 19, 2013