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Brookwood

Claire M. Wilson, Auburn University
Brookwood is located in eastern Tuscaloosa County in the west-central region of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
History
Brookwood Coal Postcard
When first settled, the area that encompasses present-day Brookwood was known as Horsehead and was reached via a plank road from Tuscaloosa. In 1880, the Southern Mining and Transportation purchased property to develop mining interests. Nine years later, the land was purchase by the Standard Coal Company, which began mining in the area in 1889. A post office was established in the company's store in 1890, and four communities grew up around the mining center: East Brookwood, Central Brookwood, West Brookwood, and Kellerman. The construction of rail line through the area brought additional businesses and residents, and by 1900, the communities had a population of more than 2,500.
Jim Walter Resources Mine in Brookwood
Standard Coal merged with another company to form Alabama Coal. In 1900, Alabama Coal recognized the United Mine Workers of America, but during a 1920 strike, the state sent in the National Guard to break the strike. Several mine workers were killed. Most of the underground mines closed during the 1920s, and strip mining operations took their place.
The communities began installing a water system in 1943; it was finally completed in the early 1970s. The separate communities eventually consolidated, and the city of Brookwood incorporated in September 1977. On September 23, 2001, a roof collapse and a series of explosions in the nearby Jim Walter Resources Mine No. 5 killed 13 miners, many of whom lived in Brookwood.
Demographics
According to 2016 Census estimates, Brookwood recorded a population of 2,029. Of that number, 89.7 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 9.3 percent as African American, 3.2 percent as Hispanic, 0.5 percent as two or more races, and 0.3 percent as Asian. The town's median household income was $53,958, and the per capita income was $22,890.
Employment
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Brookwood was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (25.9 percent)
· Manufacturing (15.7 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (9.6 percent)
· Retail trade (8.4 percent)
· Transportation, warehousing, and utilities (6.6 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.1 percent)
· Construction (5.8 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (4.5 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (4.4   percent)
· Professional, scientific, and administrative and waste management services (3.8   percent)
· Public administration (3.8 percent)
· Information (2.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (2.7 percent)
Education
Brookwood Covered Bridge, ca. 1960s
Brookwood is part of the Tuscaloosa County Public Schools. It serves approximately 2,370 students and employs approximately 133 teachers in one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school.
Transportation
Brookwood is served by State Highway 216, which runs northeast-west, and County Road 59, which runs north-south.
Events and Places of Interest
Town Park offers playgrounds, ball fields and volleyball courts, and an indoor facility, the G. G. Hardin Center, with basketball courts and event space. The Black Warrior River is located ten miles northwest of town and offers fishing, boating, swimming, and other recreational activities.

Additional Resources

Tuscaloosa County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.
Published:  February 21, 2013   |   Last updated:  February 22, 2018