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Linden

James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Linden is the county seat of Marengo County in west-central Alabama. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
History
Old Marengo County Courthouse
During its early days, the town was nicknamed Screamersville, allegedly because of its rowdy frontier reputation. It was renamed Marengo when it was surveyed to serve as the county seat after Marengo County was established; it became the county seat in 1819. Linden was dubbed Hohenlinden by French settlers from the Vine and Olive Colony, near present-day Demopolis, to honor a victory by French Emperor Napoleon in Bavaria in 1800. Over time, the name was shortened to Linden.
The first county courthouse, a two-story log structure, was built in 1818, after Marengo County was established. In 1825, it was replaced with a two-story structure, which burned in 1848. A brick Greek Revival replacement was constructed 1850 and served the county until 1902. Among the more notable events at the courthouse was a shootout between local store owner J. D. Carter and train robber Rube Burrow in 1890 in which Burrows was killed. In 1903, the third courthouse was replaced with a Gothic structure, and that burned in 1965. It was replaced with the current courthouse in Linden in 1968.
The first newspaper, the Linden Jeffersonian, was established in 1853 and was followed by the Democrat Reporter in 1879, a weekly still published today.
After the Civil War, the county seat was moved briefly to Demopolis by federal troops, and the municipal government was abolished during Reconstruction. Linden was officially incorporated on March 1, 1870, and the county seat designation was restored in 1871. The municipal government was reestablished in 1893.
In 1902, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad constructed a line that passed less than a mile south of town, which soon expanded as a result of the increased traffic. In 1903, a new Gothic-style courthouse was constructed; it burned in 1965 and was replaced in 1968 by the current courthouse.
Demographics
Linden's population according to 2016 Census estimates was 2,292. Of that number, 56.3 percent identified themselves as white, 42.2 percent as African American, and 1.5 percent as two or more races. The city's median household income was $35,000, and per capita income was $24,348.
Employment
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Linden was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Manufacturing (19.5 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (18.5 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (17.9 percent)
· Retail trade (9.2 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.8 percent)
· Public administration (5.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (4.3   percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.1 percent)
· Construction (3.6 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (3.5 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (3.2 percent)
· Information (2.1 percent)
· Wholesale trade (1.8 percent)
Education
The Linden City School District has one elementary school, one junior high school, and one high school as well as one private academy.
Transportation
Chickasaw State Park
Linden is intersected by State Road 43 and County Road 28; it is located approximately 35 miles from interstates 59 and 20.
Events and Places of Interest
Linden is located just south of Chickasaw State Park. Locally, the city features two city parks and a golf course. Each Christmas, Linden holds the Christmas Parade of Lights and Chilly Fest, a chili cook off.
Additional Resources
The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000.
Published:  March 15, 2010   |   Last updated:  April 17, 2019