· Area: 578 square miles
· Population: 26,790 (2010 Census)
· Major Waterways: Choctawhatchee River, Pea River
· Major Highways: State Route 52
· County Seat: Geneva
· Largest City: Geneva
Geneva County was created by an act of the Alabama State Legislature on December 26, 1868, and was once part of present-day Dale County. The county was named after Geneva, the largest settlement in the new county and its only county seat to the present. The town was named by one of the first settlers, Henry A. Yonge, after his wife's hometown, Geneva, New York. The county's first court was held in a local school in 1869 until a dedicated courthouse was built that year. That courthouse was replaced by a brick structure at some point and burned in 1898. It was replaced in 1911, but the building burned again. A new courthouse was built in 1912, and that structure was torn down in 1969 and replaced with the current courthouse. This building was renovated in 1996.
During the antebellum era, goods were floated down the Pea River to its junction with the Choctawhatchee River at Geneva, where it was eventually floated to the Gulf of Mexico. In 1923 the Geneva Cotton Mill was established. It later was purchased by Clinton Mills of South Carolina and by the late 1980s the mill employed almost 600 people. The plant was closed in the late 1990s. Farming remains an important component of the Geneva County economy, and present-day agricultural products include corn, hay, peanuts, soybeans, cotton, truck crops, and forestry products.
· Manufacturing (15.5 percent)
· Retail trade (13.6 percent)
· Construction (10.9 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (6.7 percent)
· Public administration (6.1 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (5.5 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (5.0 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (4.7 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (4.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.1 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (1.9 percent)
· Information (0.3 percent)
Comprising approximately 578 square miles, Geneva County lies in the southeastern corner of the state, wholly within the Coastal Plain physiographic region. It is bounded to the north by Coffee and Dale counties, to the east by Houston County, to the south by Holmes and Walton counties, Florida, and to the west by Covington and Crenshaw counties. The Geneva State Forest covers a small portion of the northwest corner of the county.
Events and Places of Interest
The Choctawhatchee River offers many fishing opportunities, including channel catfish, spotted bass, sunfish, redhorse suckers, and carp suckers. The river is also ideal for canoeing and boating and offers scenic cypress swamps and trees draped in Spanish moss. Fowler Park, located at the junction of the Pea and Choctawhatchee rivers in Geneva, offers scenic views of Constitution Oak, believed to be the largest and oldest live oak in the state. When the water levels are low, it is possible to view the wreck of a Civil War-era steamboat. In April, the town of Geneva hosts Festival on the Rivers, which features canoe racing, food, live music, and arts and crafts. In addition, the town of Slocomb hosts the annual Tomato Festival.