· Area: 778 square miles
· Population: 71,109 (2010 Census)
· Major Waterways: Big Wills Creek, Town Creek, Sauty Creek
· Major Highways: I-59, U.S. 11
· County Seat: Fort Payne
· Largest City: Fort Payne
DeKalb County was created by an act of the state legislature on January 9, 1836, and is named for the Revolutionary War hero, General John B. DeKalb. Prior to European American settlement, the area was occupied by the Cherokee, most notably Sequoyah, who created the Cherokee syllabary at Wills Town. In 1835, DeKalb County became part of the lands ceded by the Cherokee Nation to the federal government in the Treaty of New Echota. A majority of the Cherokees opposed the signing of this treaty, however, and refused to leave. Pres. Andrew Jackson sent federal troops to transport the Indians to new lands in the west. Troops were ordered to build stockade forts in Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia and forcibly remove the Indians from their lands in preparation for relocating them to Indian Teritory (now Oklahoma) in what became known as the Trail of Tears. Captain John Payne was sent to Willstown Mission, present-day Fort Payne, to command the local garrison of soldiers and see to the construction of the stockade.
The first settlers in DeKalb County established homesteads in the fertile valleys, but many others settled in the surrounding hilly areas of Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain. The primary crops were grain, corn, and cotton grown for domestic purposes. Many farmers also raised livestock. After the Civil War, the area economy received a boost when the Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad Company reached Birmingham in 1870. In 1877, the railroad was taken over by Alabama Great Southern. During the early twentieth century, the first of many hosiery factories moved to Fort Payne. Today, with more than 100 plants and 5,000 employees, Fort Payne bills itself as the "sock capital of the world."
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (15.1 percent)
· Retail trade (11.4 percent)
· Construction (7.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (5.2 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (4.6 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.1 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (4.0 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (4.0 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (3.9 percent)
· Public administration (3.5 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.4 percent)
· Information (1.2 percent)
Comprising approximately 778 square miles, DeKalb County lies in the northeastern area of the state, wholly within the Cumberland Plateau physiographic section. It is bounded to the north by Jackson County, to the east by the state of Georgia, to the south by Cherokee and Etowah counties, and to the west by Marshall County. A small portion of DeSoto State Park lies in the eastern part of the county.
Events and Places of Interest
The county is famous for a unique "Sand Mountain" musical sound and a variety of famous musicians. The Louvin Brothers, who lived in the Henagar community, were among country music's most famous performing groups during the 1950s. Fort Payne is home to the Alabama Fan Club & Museum, which celebrates the history and achievements of the group Alabama, which was named Country Music Group of the Century by the Recording Industry Association of America. The museum houses the group's many awards as well as collections of items relating to their youth in Fort Payne. Cloudmont Ski Resort in Mentone, the only snow-ski resort in the state, features two 1,000-foot, beginner-intermediate slopes. DeKalb County's unique sandstone cliffs attract rock climbers from all over the Southeast, and DeSoto State Park features hiking, scenic waterfalls, and canyons. Little River Falls, located in Fort Payne, lies just upstream from the headwaters of Little River Canyon. In 1992 the waterfall became part of Little River Canyon National Preserve, one of the nation's newest national parks. Sequoyah Caverns, located in Valley Head, features unique reflective underground lakes known as "looking-glass" pools.
Heritage of DeKalb County. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 1998.