· Founding Date: February 13, 1818
· Area: 854 square miles
· Population: 13,228 (2010 Census)
· Major Waterways: Sepulga River
· Major Highways: I-65, U.S. 31, U.S. 84
· County Seat: Evergreen
· Largest City: Evergreen
Conecuh County was created by an act of the Alabama territorial legislature on February 13, 1818, and was named for the Creek term koha anaka meaning near canebrakes. On July 27, 1813, the Battle of Burnt Corn Creek, one of the more significant battles of the Creek War of 1813-14, took place in what was then Conecuh County. In July 1813, Peter McQueen, a Creek warrior of the Red Stick faction, secured a cache of weapons from the British and Spanish at what is now Pensacola, Florida. U.S. troops ambushed McQueen and the Red Sticks on the banks of Burnt Corn Creek (for which the present town of Burnt Corn is named) but were then routed by a Red Stick counterattack. The Red Sticks considered the act a declaration of war and retaliated with the infamous Fort Mims Massacre. Although the actual site has not been located, most sources now place it in present-day Escambia County, which was part of Conecuh County until 1868.
Early settlers used the Sepulga River to float the bales of cotton and bushels of corn that grew in abundance in the county. During the antebellum period, 3,000 bales were shipped annually to Pensacola. The first grist and saw mills in the county were built around 1818. Timber was cut and transported on keelboats downriver for sale at Pensacola. Stock raising, particularly sheep, hogs, cattle, and goats, was also an important economic source during the nineteenth century. In the latter part of the nineteenth century, peanuts, sugar cane, and strawberries also became important supplemental crops. In 1859, work began on the Montgomery and Pensacola railroad, which was completed in 1861.
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (19.6 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (12.1 percent)
· Retail trade (10.9 percent)
· Construction (10.6 percent)
· Public administration (5.4 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (3.8 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (3.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.1 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (3.0 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (2.1 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (1.5 percent)
· Information (1.0 percent)
Comprising 854 square miles, Conecuh County lies in the south-central area of the state, wholly within the Coastal Plain physiographic section. Originally part of Monroe County, parts of Conecuh County were used in the formation of Butler and Escambia counties. It is bounded to the north by Butler County, the east by Covington County, to the south by Escambia County, and to the west by Monroe County.
Events and Places of Interest
The town of Castleberry holds an annual Strawberry Festival every April, which includes arts, crafts, live entertainment, and strawberries. The town of Evergreen holds the Conecuh County Sausage Festival each year in honor of the local sausage produced by the Conecuh Sausage Company.