Established in 1904, the Alabama Library Association (ALLA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting the work of librarians, encouraging better use of libraries, and promoting and encouraging literary activities in Alabama. It is a member chapter of the American Library Association (established 1876) and a constituent state library association of the Southeastern Library Association (established 1920).
The founding of the Alabama Library Association in Montgomery in 1904 was part of a national Progressive Era trend in professionalizing middle-class occupations and creating professional organizations to support them. ALLA boasted 50 charter members, including Thomas M. Owen, director and founder of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, who served as its first president. Other prominent founding members included Marie Bankhead Owen, wife of Thomas and director of the Alabama Department of Archives and History after his death; and several college and university presidents including John W. Abercrombie of the University of Alabama and Charles C. Thach of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University). ALLA's organizational structure reflects the varied interests found in the discipline of librarianship. The membership is currently split into three divisions: College, University, and Special Libraries; Public Libraries; and Children's and School Libraries. In addition, ALLA members are encouraged to join groups, called round tables, that focus on the more specialized interests of members such as government documents, collection development, the role of paraprofessionals, and technical services and systems. ALLA is governed by an elected executive council that includes a president, president-elect, past president, secretary, treasurer, and three members-at-large. The presidency is rotated regularly among the three divisions. Much of ALLA's business, however, is conducted through approximately 20 committees. ALLA had close to 600 members as of 2006, and membership is open to any interested party. The majority of members are employees of public libraries and academic libraries plus a sizeable number of children's librarians, school librarians, and media specialists. The ALLA office is located at 9154 Eastchase Parkway, Suite 418, Montgomery, Alabama 36117.
ALLA supports librarians in a number of ways through professional development workshops, an annual convention, and a variety of forums that allow members to share research on library-related issues. ALLA also serves as an advocacy group for library and educational interests and keeps members informed about important issues and trends in librarianship, for example, the impact of technological change and the need to encourage a more diverse, multicultural workforce in response to demographic changes in our society.
Throughout its history ALLA has addressed important national and regional issues affecting libraries and librarians. During the Great Depression, ALLA conducted a survey, titled Library Needs of Rural Alabama, which examined the realities of providing library service in a poor rural state. The findings of the survey were presented in a report titled 33 Alabama Counties Are Without a Public Library: Books and Libraries—Alabama's Greatest Need. Beginning in 1949 ALLA also wrestled with issues surrounding racial segregation, but agreement on desegregation was not reached until late 1964. ALLA President Gretchen Schenk and the Executive Council began exploring the issue of admitting African American librarians as members but met with opposition from influential members such as Marie Bankhead Owen, director of the Alabama Department of Archives and History, and Willam S. Hoole, director of the University of Alabama Library, and formal efforts to resolve the controversy ended in late 1952. Since 1944 African American librarians had been meeting as a departmental unit of the (African American) Alabama State Teachers Association, and in 1947 they established the Alabama Association of School Librarians. The topic of desegregation was revived in 1955 when the American Library Association approved a new constitution requiring all state chapters to be open to all persons interested in membership. Unable to comply, the Alabama Library Association withdrew its chapter status from the American Library Association until 1964. Partly in response to the signing of the federal Civil Rights Act that year, ALLA President Robert Severance and the executive council approved a motion opening membership to all interested persons regardless of race or color. Dr. Geraldine Bell of Miles College served as the first African American president of ALLA in 1991–92. In early 2005 the ALLA executive council officially opposed a bill filed (and later defeated) in the Alabama State Legislature that would have criminalized the use of public funds to purchase books and other library materials that offered a positive view of homosexuality.
The Alabama Librarian 1, no. 1 (Dec. 1949–present).
Alabama Library Association, Inc. Alabama Library Association Handbook 2005 Revision. Montgomery: Alabama Library Association, Inc., 2005. Available online at http://allanet.org/resources_handbook.cfm.
Barrett, Kayla, and Barbara A. Bishop. "Integration and the Alabama Library Association: Not So Black and White." Libraries and Culture: A Journal of Library History 33 (Spring 1998): 141–61.
Dodge, Timothy, with Clark Center, Rickie Brunner, and Janice Sauer, compilers. A Preliminary Checklist of Alabama Library Association Publications, 1904-1994. Montgomery: Alabama Library Association, 1994.
Proceedings of the First Meeting of the Alabama Library Association Montgomery, Alabama November 21, 1904. Montgomery: The Brown Printing Co., 1905.